Fig. 1. Acupuncture alone.
Fig. 2. Combination of acupuncture and moxibustion
Acupuncture is one of the commonly used therapies in Traditional
Chinese Medicine [TCM]. Its methodology is to insert a needle in
specific points on the skin to stimulate meridians in the body
Meridians are the highways of vital energy flow in the body and
it is like an energy network that connects the body surface with
the inside organs and links the organs to other functions.
There are 20 major meridians in the body - heart meridian, small
intestine meridian, lung meridian, large intestine meridian,
kidney meridian …… to name a few. Some meridians go from the
chest to the arm or from the arm to the head. Others go
from the head to the feet or from feet to the organs inside of
the body. There are more sub-meridians linking the major
meridians with each other and links the outside with inside
There are many acupuncture points on the pathways of the
meridian. Acupuncture works on these acupuncture points. The
number of acupuncture points has been noted to be more than 360
so far. More points have been found in recent years.
Choosing Acupuncture Points
(1). Choosing local points
The simplest way to decide the acupuncture points is to choose
the points that are close to the disorder. For example, we can
use the acupuncture points in the head to release migraines, and
we can choose the points in the stomach for stomach pain or
(2). Choosing correlated meridians or its brother-sister
and acupuncture points have close functional relationships with
the inside organ system as its name indicates. For example,
acupuncture points in the kidney meridian can be used to treat
disorders in the TCM urinary system such as the inability to
urinate; infection in the urinary bladder; infertility; reduced
sexual ability; poor memory; weakness in bone and teeth; reduced
hearing ability; and so on. TCM kidney system includes
urination, reproduction, bone development and maintenance, and
The amount of energy flow in the meridian and the inside organ
system are parallel and is time-related (see below). For
example; between 5 pm to 7 pm is the time when the energy flow
reaches peak in the TCM kidney system, at the same time, the
energy flow also reaches its peak in the kidney meridian.
Acupuncture, at this time on the kidney meridian, yields better
healing results for the disorders outlined by the TCM kidney
There is a co-operative relationship between the meridians. It
is called brother-sister relationship. The kidney and bladder
meridian have a brother-sister relationship. As does the
liver and gal bladder meridian, the heart and small intestine,
the lung and large intestine, the spleen and stomach
meridian. If there is disorder in a TCM-defined system, for
example the TCM kidney system, we can perform acupuncture by
choosing the acupuncture points in its brother-sister system -
the urine bladder system.
(3). Choose the acupuncture points according to Five-element
Beside the Yin-Yang theory, another important theory that guides
Traditional Chinese Medicine practice is the Five-Element theory
(see our website for the introduction to the Five-element
theory). The Five-element theory makes the principle Yin-Yang
theory more practical. According to this theory, the five major
functional systems, e.g. the kidney/urinary bladder system, the
heart/small intestine system, the liver/gall bladder system, the
lung/large intestine system, and the spleen/stomach system have
either an enhancing or an antagonizing relationship. Correction
of a disorder in a TCM organ system is reached by working on
another organ system, on the related meridian points, depending
upon the nature of the disorder.
For example, if there is a “fire” syndrome in the TCM lung
system (cough, yellow phlegm, dry mouth, fever, chest pain,
etc.,) the lung system belongs to an “excess” condition.
Acupuncture is applied to the acupuncture points in the kidney
and/or urine bladder meridian. This is because the TCM lung
system normally, helps, nourishes, or enhances the TCM kidney
system. The lung is the upper water source and the kidney is the
water lower pool.
To remove the “fire” in the TCM lung system, we can also use
acupuncture on the points in the heart-small intestine meridian.
The reason for this is that the TCM heart system normally
resists, prevents, or blocks the function of the TCM lung
system. However, if the disorder in the TCM lung system shows
symptoms of chronic cough, slight chest pain, with water-like or
white coloured phlegm, also with low fever or hot at night, the
lung system shows “weakness”.
Therefore, we may use acupuncture on the TCM spleen system,
using the acupuncture points on the spleen-stomach meridian. The
reason being, the TCM spleen system normally nourishes the lung
system. Working on the spleen-stomach meridian reduces the
production of phlegm. The spleen system is the source of phlegm
(4). Choosing acupuncture points according to bio-holography
It is believed that if something comes from the same source, any
smaller part contains the same information as the whole. So, the
face, feet, palms, an ear, back, belly, fingers, an
arm…contains the same information as the body. Each small part
connects or communicates with the whole body. This is the
theoretical basis for reflexology, ear acupressure, face
prediction, tongue diagnosis, etc. It is believed that the
acupuncture points can be chosen from any small part of the body
to treat the disorder of the correlated part of the whole body.
For example, if the first bone of the thumb is imagined as a
small human body, the fingertip represents the head, the wrist
represents the feet, mid section represents the waist. A needle
at the end of the small bone treats disorders in our feet.
Similarly, we can regard the forearm as the complete body. The
wrist, represents the head, the elbow represents the feet. We
can use a needle at the elbow to treat the disorder of our body
Perhaps the best application of bio-holography theory in the
human body is the ear acupuncture/acupressure. We can find
almost all of the points that represent the most important parts
of our whole body, from arm to leg, finger to toe, stomach to
brain stem, etc.
(5). Mirror points
This means choosing acupuncture points in opposite parts of the
body. For instance, if there is pain in one shoulder, we can use
the acupuncture points in the other shoulder, e.g. left-right
side mirror. If the pain is in one hip, we may also use the
acupuncture in the shoulder of the same side, e.g. the
upper-lower mirror. In the left-right side mirror, we usually
use the acupuncture points in the normal side, not touching the
disordered side so that the disordered side gets indirect
(6). Choose representing points on another meridian
The urinary bladder meridian is one of the longest meridians in
our body. It goes from the head to the back, then down to the
feet. Each organ in the body - heart, lung, spleen, liver,
kidney, - has a represented point on the urinary bladder
meridian [the back part of the body]. Working on this
representational point could treat the disorders of internal
organs. For example, if one has stomach pain, we can choose the
stomach point on the urine bladder meridian on the back to
effect a change.
Based on clinical experience, sometimes an acupuncture point is
used specifically for treating some disease conditions. Some
points are good for the treatment of sweat, abortion, headache,
nausea, sleep, etc. This has been well documented in acupuncture
Due to the multiple choices for acupuncture in the treatment of
various disorders, the methods that acupuncturists use can be
quite different. This is based on their diagnosis,
perception, clinical experience and the ability to apply TCM
principles. Sometimes the choice may be one or two point
combinations and at other times, there may be four or more
combinations. No matter which way it is applied, the less the
needle is used, the better!
Choosing the right acupuncture points for treatment is one-step
in the healing by acupuncture. The effect of acupuncture also
depends upon the grouping of the points, the sequence of the
needle on the points, the starting time during the day, the
depth of the needle, the handling of the needle (twist or
insert), the force on the needle, the duration of the treatment.
It is a personal art!
How Do We Know There Are Meridians In The Body?
The Chinese have recognized the presence of meridians in the
body for more than five thousand years. For the past 50 years,
medical researchers have found that after stimulating the
acupuncture points, about 12 – 24% people experience a feeling.
This is called meridian feelings. These feelings move,
almost exactly, through out the meridian distribution pattern in
The speed of the feeling movement is far less (0.1 meter per
second) than the signal conduction through a nerve (1 to 100
meters per second). The meridian feelings could move in one
direction, or in two opposite directions. Usually it is about 2
to 5 mm broad (someone may feel about 1 to 3 cm broad).
The meridian feelings are dependent upon the way the meridian is
stimulated. If stimulated by needle, one may feel sour,
bloating, itching, numbing or small insect movement. If
stimulated by moxibustion, one feels a warm flowing movement.
The meridian feelings can be blocked if there is skin change
caused by a surgical cut, scar, tumor or abscess. It can also be
blocked if, in front of the meridian direction, there is
mechanical pressure (by hands or other materials), infusion
operation, ice cooling or brushing manipulation etc.
Researchers have also found that by stimulating with the needle,
the skin on the meridian pathway could show as a thin line of
white or red colors. It can last for more than ten seconds to
When the meridian feeling moves to the jaw, one may feel sour in
the lower teeth; to the lips - feel lip “bloating” or becomes
“thick”; to the throat – a dry feeling; to the face - feels face
muscle jumping, etc. When the feelings move to the lung, it was
tested and showed that the air ventilation volume increased from
5.25 ml to 7.3 ml per min. When it moves to the stomach, one
feels warmth in the stomach - when it moves to the heart, one
may feel a clear feeling in the heart (especially for one with
coronary heart disease) - when it moves to the kidney area, one
may feel sour - when it moves to bladder, one may feel the
desire to urinate. People having such meridian feeling usually
have favorable acupuncture treatment results. When it moves to
the pain area, the pain usually disappears or reduces
Such meridian feelings can be found in both ‘normal’ people and
patients, though the feeling might be less apparent in the
Relationship between the meridian and body construction
According to the description of the meridian in the TCM “bible”,
the meridian consists of both the blood circulation and nerve
systems in the body. Some meridians may also involve the lymph
system. It is found that one may feel more pain if the needle
touches a blood vessel, or feel numbness if the nerve branch has
been touched. One may mostly experience a sour feeling in the
mouth when the needle touches the muscle or tendon.
The acupuncture effect can disappear or be reduced when the
somatic nervous system (the nervous system that controls our
limb movement) has been cut or blocked. In some cases, such an
effect happens when all of the somatic nerves, including the
ones covering the outside of blood vessels are also blocked. The
acupuncture effects are also associated with the peripheral
autonomic nervous system (the nerve system that controls heart
beat, breathing or bowel movement etc.). Blocking this system,
by cutting or chemical injection, could remove the acupuncture
effects as well.
Acupuncture can increase the content of
and acetylcholine in the brain. 5-HT and acetylcholine are
important neurotransmitters in the nervous system and they are
important factors in releasing pain. The effect of acupuncture
in releasing pain is closely related to the amount of monoamine
contained in the nervous system.
When the reservoir of monoamine is exhausted, the pain releasing
effects of acupuncture can no longer be induced. Therefore, the
function of acupuncture in reducing pain is believed to be
similar to that of morphine. Acetylcholine injection into the
brain could increase the pain threshold and this effect can be
amplified by acupuncture. It is well known that the amount of
5-HT and catecholamine have opposite effects for pain. More
5-HT, for less pain, whereas more catecholamine, for more pain.
Acupuncture can decrease the amount of catecholamine in the
peripheral blood. Acupuncture also increases the amount of
endorphin [another neurotransmitter for reducing pain] content
in the brain and in spinal fluid.
Acupuncture can also affect the endocrine system
Acupuncture improves the function of the
adrenal cortex. It has
been found that acupuncture stimulates the secretion of
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) from the
anterior pituitary. ACTH stimulates more secretion of
adrenocortical hormones, including
corticosteroids, which influence metabolisms of water and salts
in the body. Acupuncture also influences adrenal medullin,
epinephrine and norepinephrine
cell production. Acupuncture on experimental animals
experiencing shock, resulted in increased blood sugar levels,
lactic acid, pyrovate, as well as reducing the level of
liver glycogen (the sugar stored in the liver) and muscle
glycogen. This suggests that acupuncture could help the body
make the stored energy available during extremely stressful body
Acupuncture also stimulates the production and secretion of the
thyroid hormone. So, it is useful in the treatment of the simple
goiter. After stimulation, acupuncture facilitates bi-direction
adjustment of blood sugar levels: it increases the blood sugar
level in those who have previously low blood sugar levels and
reduces blood sugar levels in those who have high blood sugar
Acupuncture is also used for the treatment of infertility.
Experiments show that acupuncture stimulates ovulation,
affecting the development of reproductive organs. It stimulates
loydig cells in rabbit ovaries into luteal.
Luteal insufficiency is a condition in which the secretion of
estrogen, progesterone from the luteal is inadequate. It is one
of the important disorders leading to infertility.
Acupuncture has been used in Traditional Chinese medicine for
patients in shock. Stimulating the acupuncture points commonly
used in such clinical emergencies were used to improve the
function of posterior pituitary to increase blood pressure. It
also increases the secretion of
anti-diuretic hormone from the pituitary. This hormone helps to
reduce urine, maintains the blood volume and is so helpful for
Clinical Application of Acupuncture
(1). Acupuncture can be used in the treatment of various pain
Acupuncture has been widely used in the release of pain in the
head, neck, lower back, arms, legs, feet, stomach, urinary
tract, whether or not the pain is induced due to inflammation,
infection, mechanical cut, press, twist, bruise or due to
surgery or cancer. Experiments show that acupuncture can
increase the pain threshold in the body. Therefore, under the
same level of pain stimulation, the experimental animal shows
less signs of pain. Acupuncture influences many aspects of body
functions, such as anti-inflammation, anti-infection,
stimulating endorphin secretion etc. All could contribute to
(2). Acupuncture can adjust the function of various organs.
(2a). Acupuncture can improve microcirculation of coronary
In a study of 621 coronary patients, acupuncture reduced the
heart pain in 89.2% of patients. After acupuncture,
nitroglycerin has been stopped or reduced in 93.6% of patients.
ECG monitor showed that 53.2% of patients have improved ST
segment in their CEG after acupuncture. This suggests improved
coronary blood circulation after acupuncture. Acupuncture is
shown to correct arrhythmias (heart beat disorder). It is most
effective in the arrhythmias caused by hyper-excited cells. The
acupuncture sedates these cells so they beat at a more normal
rate. The effective rate for premature ventricular contractions
was 85.7%. It is interesting to note that acupuncture does not
affect the normal heartbeat rhythm.
(2b). Acupuncture can correct blood pressure.
Its effect is bi-directional. It reduces the blood pressure in
patients with high blood pressure (hypertension) and increases
blood pressure in patients with low blood pressure
(hypotension). In 230 hypertension cases, the effective rate was
reported as high as 77.3%. When used in shock treatment, the
blood pressure increased in 87.5% of patients (total 160 cases).
Such an effect has been proven in many animal studies.
The mechanism by which acupuncture reduces blood pressure is
believed to be due to the transduction of the stimulating signal
from the acupuncture points to the brain (mainly the net
structure of the brain stem). This sparks a stimulated pulse in
the sympathetic nerves, causing contractions in the peripheral
small blood vessels, increases resistance in the blood vessel
walls and improves the rhythm of the heartbeats. The increased
blood pressure effect can be further strengthened by increased
secretion of vasopressin, an anti-diuretic hormone and adrenal
cortex hormones. Whereas, the mechanisms by which acupuncture
reduces blood pressure, it is found to stimulate the vagus
nerve. It increases the blood level of acetylcholine and reduces
catecholamine. It was also found that along with the reduction
in blood pressure, endorphin levels were reduced.
(2c). Acupuncture can reduce or stop asthma.
Acupuncture completely stopped the onset of asthma in 27
patients, 50 patients dramatically improved and 39 patients
showed no change (total 116 cases). It is believed to be due to
the decreased signal in the vagus nerve and an increased signal
in the sympathetic nerve in the respiratory system. This causes
a reduction in spasms of the trachea, contractions in the blood
vessels, reduction in the secretion of mucus and an increase in
air inhalation and exhalation.
(2d). Acupuncture works well in the treatment of chronic
gastritis, gastric nervous pain, gastric spasm, gastric ulcer
Experiments show that acupuncture can speed up the healing of
gastric ulcers in experimental animals. Stomach spasms tend to
loosen [in less movement they move more, in excess movement they
move less] and open the pylori valve. Acupuncture also
stimulates the secretion of gastric fluid and the amount of
pepsin (an enzyme for protein digestion). The effect of
acupuncture on gastric acid secretion is bi-directional. It
makes the stomach, which was previously low with gastric acid
secretion, secrete more gastric acid and one with previously
high gastric acid secretion, secrete less.
Such findings may explain why acupuncture can be used for the
treatment of various gastric disorders.
(2e). Effects of acupuncture on appendix, small intestine, large
intestine and colon are similar.
Acupuncture slows down the excess movement of the gastric ducts
(clinic condition of stomach pain and/or diarrhea) but improves
the movement of the gastric duct that has been in slow motion or
no motion (constipation). Acupuncture stimulates movement of the
gall bladder and bile duct. It stimulates secretion of
bile juice and relaxes the
Oddi muscle (sphincter), the muscle controlling the
opening and closing of the bile duct.
Therefore, acupuncture is an effective treatment for gall
bladder stones, bile duct stagnation and inflammation.
This may partly explain why acupuncture can also be used in the
treatment of acute jaundice hepatitis. In a study of 212
patients with acute hepatitis, 177 were cured, 34 improved, 1
(2f). Acupuncture can adjust the function of kidney and urinary
Acupuncture is commonly used in the treatment of enuresis
[bedwetting], urinary incontinence, urinary retention and
difficulty in urination. It has been reported that when applied
to patients with urine retention after surgery, acupuncture was
successful in 89% to 95% of cases. Acupuncture has been reported
to stimulate the secretion rate of urine and reagent phenol red
from the kidney and reduce the amount of red and white blood
cells and the protein content.
In the same report, the values of blood pressure in patients
were reduced and the swelling was improved. The effect of
acupuncture on kidney function is believed to be due to nerve
reflection. The effect of acupuncture on the urine bladder is
similar to its effect on gastric ducts, bi-direction adjustment.
Therefore, it is used in both urinary retention and
(2g). Acupuncture can stimulate contraction of the uterus and is
used after childbirth.
This creates an effect similar to oxytocin. The effect is
due to the stimulation of the nerve system and to the secretion
of hormones from posterior pituitary in the brain.
(2h). Acupuncture could affect the stimulation and depression of
the brain cortex.
It makes the wave in the electroencephalography of epilepsy
patients to be more regular and reduces their pathological brain
In clinics, acupuncture is used in the treatment of depression,
sadness, anxiety, irritability, and insomnia.
(2i). Acupuncture can clearly influence the number or contents
of various blood cells, such as platelets and red and white
When used in patients with low white blood cells, caused by
radiation therapy, the effective rate was reported at 90%. The
effective rate in patients with
was reported at 100%. The effect of acupuncture to blood
cells and palettes are bi-directional. It caused the previous
high number to decrease and the low number to increase.
Acupuncture increases the number of reticulocyte in the
peripheral blood stream of patients with iron deficiency
(anemia) suggesting that acupuncture stimulates red blood cell
production in the bone marrow.
Acupuncture is also used in the treatment of hypersplenism (too
low number of white blood cells, red blood cells, platelets in
the blood) and thrombocythermia (too many platelets in the
blood) following the removal of the spleen.
The effect of acupuncture on the blood cells, as for its many
other effects on the body, requires the integrity of the nervous
system, in structure and function. Stopping the signal
transduction in the nerve stem or in the acupuncture point by
using anesthesia sic chemicals, or suppressing the function of
the brain with whole body anesthesia, blocks the acupuncture
effect on the number of the blood cells.
(2j). Acupuncture may reduce blood sugar level.
In a study involving 24- type II diabetes, the total effective
rate is 79.16%. On the other hand, acupuncture increases blood
sugar level in patients in shock. Animal studies show that
conditions in experimental dogs with high blood sugar (after
injection of epinephrine) or with low blood sugar level (after
injection of insulin), acupuncture reduced or increased the
blood sugar level, respectively. In patients with hypertension,
acupuncture increased blood insulin level and reduced blood
Acupuncture also increases blood calcium level.
When used in 12 cases with muscle spasm due to low blood calcium
level, acupuncture stopped the spasm and corrected the blood
calcium level. Experiments also showed that acupuncture could
stimulate secretion of a
parathyroid hormone, causing an increase in the calcium and
phosphorus level and a decreased level of
in the blood.
This might be one of the mechanisms by which acupuncture
improves the growth of a child.
(2k). After acupuncture, blood sodium may decrease and potassium
increase. Though the effect of acupuncture on blood calcium
level is more dramatic.
(2l). Acupuncture reduces blood transaminase in hepatitis
patients. Cholesterol and beta-Apo lipoprotein in cardiovascular
disease. It also affects blood levels of lactic acids, pyrovate,
acetic acid and histamine.
In summary, after acupuncture stimulation, various chemical and
bio-chemical agents in the body could be changed. Often their
change is paralleled to the improvement of clinical disorders,
tending to be within the normal range. This is a common rule and
reproductive. However, the effect of acupuncture on other
patients is not so regular, nor is the change as dramatic.
(3). Acupuncture Increases immune system function
Acupuncture is used to prevent flu, malaria, and asthma. It is
used to treat those diseases caused by viruses e.g., cold,
mumps, hepatitis caused by bacteria,
bacillary dysentery, colitis and tetanus. It is wildly used in
the treatment of acute or chronic pharyngitis, dysentery,
otitis media, urinary infection,
mastitis and so on. Experiments show that acupuncture influences
the three major steps in the inflammation and increases the
function of body defense system.
Acupuncture was used on 645 patients with
bacillary dysentery, all with a positive bacteria culture
report. Acupuncture was applied once to three times per day for
10 days. 92.4% of patients were cured. It was found, in 50
patients tested, that blood level of serum albumin,
immunoglobulin, specific antibody,
Lysozyme, stool IgA content
and liver reticuloendothelial system function test, all
increased. Other studies showed that acupuncture
increased the blood level of Dernonectin, cholinesterase, IgG,
as well as
T lymphocyte activation rate and positive rate of rosette test.
All of the studies suggest that acupuncture could increase the
function of body defense system,
humoral immunity or cellular immunity.
It is important to note that the effect of acupuncture on body
function has multiple aspects. They work in different ways to
adjust disorders in the body and increase the defense ability of
Questions about the research in acupuncture
Although, there have been many studies done in past 50 years,
both within China and outside China, they point out that
acupuncture affects the body function in various ways.
There still remain many questions, which cannot be answered by
current research data.
(1). Specificity of acupuncture points
The acupuncture healing effect is very much an acupuncture
point-related clinical phenomenon.
Without inserting the needle into the correct point, there is
very little or no healing effect. Also, not every
acupuncture point can be used to treat the same disease or
syndrome. There are some acupuncture points that are much more
effective in treating certain kinds of disease or pain. These
points are often located far away from the pain or disorder in
For example, some points in the feet have excellent effects in
releasing migraine. Some points in the leg are good for eye
function and some points in the hands are good for the treatment
of lower back pain. It is difficult to explain the specificity
of acupuncture points, which stimulate automatic body nerve
systems. This is very common when choosing acupuncture
points in clinical work.
With the application at the same acupuncture point, by changing
the direction of the acupuncture needle tip, for instance,
towards or away from the heart, could yield the opposite healing
effect. Also, by using the same acupuncture point and
manipulating the needle by quick insertion and the slow removal,
or by fast removal and slow insertion, the needle could also
yield a different healing effect (warming or cooling the
As we have introduced above, the acupuncture healing effect is
bi-directional. Using the same acupuncture point, the
effects are dependent upon body conditions. For instance, if the
heart beats too fast, acupuncture on the specific acupuncture
point may slow it down. On the other hand, by using the
same acupuncture points, the heartbeat may be increased if the
original heartbeat is too slow.
Such is the specificity of acupuncture, that it is hard to
explain that by stimulating the nervous system or blood vessels,
because the needle is still touching the same nerve stem. Again,
the needle has to be inserted deeper in winter and shallower in
summer to gain the same healing effect. We cannot expect that
the nerve or blood vessel is deeper in winter and floating on
the surface of the body in summer. Furthermore, the meridian
feeling after acupuncture stimulation does not always follow the
pathway of the nerve system or the blood vessel. There is one
meridian, for example the urinary bladder meridian, which starts
from the inner corner of the eye, goes to the top of the head,
down the neck, along the side of the spine mid line and down to
the feet. We cannot find any nerve or blood vessels traveling
along this pathway.
It is still very hard to understand that the acupuncture healing
effect is a time-related phenomenon. First of all, for acute
clinical conditions, such as acute pain or common cold, the
application of the acupuncture needle in the body should and can
be as short as minutes. But for chronic conditions, such as
chronic migraine, chronic diarrhea, or other chronic conditions,
it is beneficial to keep the needle inserted in the points for
more than 28 minutes. Also, for the best results, different
diseases require acupuncture at different times of the day. For
example, kidney disease between 3 pm to 7 pm – heart disease
from 11 am.
It would be very strange if acupuncture would not affect the
nerves or blood vessels in the body. However, by
stimulating the nerve system, blood system, lymphatic system,
endocrine system, by acupuncture, alone or in combination, still
cannot explain the phenomenon induced by acupuncture.
(2). Current researchers fail to find an explanation for the
mechanism by which acupuncture works. Traditional Chinese
Medicine has its own explanation.
Traditional Chinese Medicine found that there is a vital (life)
energy flow network in our body (also in all animals). This
energy network conducts energy flow and exchange between inside
organs, tissues, and outside muscles and skin. Acupuncture
points are the spots on the meridians for such energy exchange
and passing. They are also points where the body exchanges
energy with outside nature. Because of this, the depth of
the meridian in the body changes according to the seasons:
deeper in winter, shallower in summer. Traditional Chinese
Medicine believes that the Yang (warm) energy is deeper in the
winter, but more towards the surface of the body in summer.
Current science has found that in the body, the physical ability
curve, emotional curve, memory curve, menstrual curve are
influenced by nature, as is the meridian position.
The energy flow in the meridian follows a rule: traveling from
chest to hands, hands to head, head to feet and from feet to the
inside organs in the
The flow in the meridian is also a time-related phenomenon.
It flows 3am to the lung meridian, 5 am to large intestine
meridian, 7 am to stomach meridian, 9 am to spleen meridian, 11
am to the heart meridian, 1 pm to small intestine meridian, 3 pm
to the urine bladder meridian, 5 pm to the kidney meridian, 7 pm
to the pericardium meridian, 9 pm to triple meridian, 11 pm to
the gall bladder meridian, and 1 am to the liver meridian. It
will be easier to get the acupuncture feeling and the healing
effect if the needle is applied to the acupuncture points on the
given meridian during the time when the energy flows into that
meridian. Time medicine is very important in acupuncture.
Here is an example that may help you to understand the structure
and function of the meridian in the body.
An efficiently run country, business, company, or social unit
requires constant communication between the head office and the
various levels of operation. Wire communication by phone or
driving on highways to facilitate personal contact, works like
our nervous system. Both require concrete material to fulfill
Communication can also be completed through wireless systems
such as satellite conduction. The wireless communication works
similarly to that of the meridian in the body. It does not need
a concrete wire connection to complete the communication. It
would have been extremely difficult to explain the structure and
function of the meridian prior to the introduction of wireless
It is more and more accepted that the development of current
science as a whole, tends to support the findings in Traditional
Chinese Medicine. This is true, even with the current science
finding genes in the body which cause disease. Traditional
Chinese Medicine has well documented that disease can be due to
the presence of some genealogical factors from the beginning of